Tax Types

Tax, from the Latin taxo, is a compulsory financial charge or some other type of ley imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity) by Namibia.

This section looks at the various tax types relevant to Namibia:

Income Tax

Income tax is a tax levied directly on personal income. Find out more.

Employee Tax

Employee Tax, or PAYE, are taxes imposed on employers or employees, and are usually calculated as a percentage of the salaries that employers pay their staff. Find out more.

Value Added Tax (VAT)

Valued Added Tax (VAT) is a tax on the amount by which the value of an article has been increased at each stage of its production or distribution. Find out more.

Withholding Tax

Withholding Tax is a tax deducted at source, especially one levied by some countries on interest or dividends paid to a person resident outside that country. Find out more.

Stamp Duty

Stamp Duty is a duty levied on the legal recognition of certain documents. Find out more.

Transfer Duty

Transfer Duty is a tax levied ont he value of any property acquired by any person by way of a transaction or in any other way. Find out more.

Related Tax Categories

I earn a monthly salary

Any person who earns a salary of more than N$ 50,000 per annum should register as a taxpayer and submit the proof of registration to their employer.  An amount contributed to an approved pension or provident fund as a con


Transfer Pricing

Transfer pricing refers to the setting, analysis, documentation and adjustment of cross border charges between related parties for goods, services, or use of property (including intangible property). It should be noted that Transfer Pricing is a high


Companies & Close Corporations

Companies and Close Corporations are required to pay tax on the profit earned and submit annual financial statements. Companies that do not trade in mining activities are taxed at a flat rate of 32%. Companies are required to make two provisional pay


I am a farmer

Income received from selling farm animals and game, leasing land for grazing and agricultural products is taxable. A farmer will also be taxed on the livestock or produce that has been donated or consumed. Each farmer is required to indicate the num


Mining Companies

Income derived from mining operations is taxed in terms of the same rules as all the other taxpayers except in respect of capital expenditure (exploration and development expenditure) and the tax rates. The capital expenditure of a mine to be deducte


Importation of Goods

Goods which are intended to be imported for use or consumption within the Customs territory must be declared for home use.  They may be declared for home use either directly on importation or after another Customs procedure such as warehous


Trusts

Section 1 of the Income Tax Act specifically includes trusts in the definition of a "person". Trusts are therefore taxed according to the same tax rates and principles that apply to individuals. By way of arrangement the founder of


I own a one-man business

For tax purposes, all income earned from any business activities carried out in Namibia is taxable. This income is regarded as ordinary income for tax purposes. Hair Salon:  Whether the salon is operated from city centre, town, informal m


I am a provisional Taxpayer

Any person earning taxable income in excess of N$ 50,000 per annum that is not received in the form of remuneration is required to register as a provisional taxpayer. Any directors of a private company (including members of close corporations) are a


Exportation of Goods

Exportation is the Customs procedure applicable to goods which leave the Customs territory and are intended to remain permanently/temporarily outside, for specific reasons. The legislation dealing with exports can be found in the following sections o


State-owned Enterprises

As per Section 16(1)(a) of the Income Tax ACt, revenues earned by the Government of Namibia or any other state shall be exempt from tax. However, not all state-owned enterprises are exempt from paying tax. Specific income tax principles should be co


Prohibitions & Restrictions

The role of Customs and Excise is to control the importation and exportation of goods entering and leaving the Country. The importation and exportation of certain goods are prohibited or restricted. The aim of prohibitions and restrictions is the pr


Joint Venture & Partnership

A joint venture involves two or more companies joining together in business, whereas in partnership, it is individuals who join together for a combined venture. For the purpose of the Income Tax Act a partnership is not recognised as a "pers


Phyiscal Examination of Cargo

The removal of goods to the hall, or any other premises for the purpose of examination, opening, unpacking, repacking and subsequent removal shall be performed at the risk of the importer. The importer, exporter, manufacturer or owner of any goods,


Hours of General & Special Attendence

Where the attendance of an officer is required on Saturdays, Sundays or public holidays, or any time not covered by hours of services in below, the person requiring such attendance apply to the Controller on form 73 and guarantee payment of the charg


Duty remission incentives

The DRI scheme is administered by the Directorate of Customs and Excise, which has dual responsibilities. First, it is required to promote manufacturing and export trade.   Second, it must ensure that the DRI scheme is not abused. &n


Refund Procedures

This is a customs procedure which provides for the refund of import duties and taxes when goods are exported, or used for specific purposes. The Chief Accountant, Section Revenue Control is responsible for the overall management of the refund proc


General Rebates, Refunds and Drawbacks

Goods which are imported and qualify for rebate of duty may be entered for home consumption under Schedule No. 3 and Schedule No. 4. of the Act.  Schedule No.3. comprising of Industrial Rebates and Schedule No. 4, comprising of General Reba


Storage and Manufacturing Warehouses

The Permanent Secretary may in terms of Section 6(1) (c) of the Act appoint places as warehousing places where customs and excise warehouses may be established.  Section19 (1) of the Act permits the Commissioner by rule to license any Custo


Excise

This chapter concerns the production, warehousing and movement of excise goods within Namibia. The excise goods are Mineral Oils, Alcohol and Alcoholic Beverages (including Beer) and Manufactured Tobacco as defined in the Customs and Excise Act, 1998


Export processing zones

A Zone provides a site where operations involving foreign and domestic merchandise can take place which otherwise might have been done abroad for tariff and trade reasons. Export Processing Zones (EPZ) are governed by an Act of Parliament, Export Pro


Transportation in bond

If a person removing goods in bond has a Customs and Excise Bond, CE 110, a provisional payment or special bond will be demanded when the bond amount is clearly inadequate to cover the potential liability to the Government of the proposed activity. I


ATA Carnets

ATA (admission temporaire/temporary admission) Carnets and Carnets De Passages En Douane (CPD) are issued by Chambers of Commerce in various nations and are internationally recognized and accepted in lieu of normal customs documents to allow the temp


Security: Bonds & Provisional Payments

The main purpose of bonds is to cover for potential duties and taxes. Security is generally given in the form of a bond. Only insurance companies or registered banking institutions may be accepted as sureties to bonds. Head Office should be consulted


Registration of Licenses & Registrants

RSA Register In order to ensure uniformity, a Register of licensees and registrants is compiled by the South Africa Revenue Service (Customs and Excise). All licensees and registrants in the Common Customs Area are shown in the Register, except Lice


Detention, Seizure and Forfeiture

Customs and Excise Officers must on regular basis deal with situations where detentions, seizure and forfeiture are necessary. Some doubts may exist as to when Customs and Excise Officers must detain, seize, or impose forfeiture on goods deemed illeg


Miscellaneous Penalties

Penalties imposed in terms of the Act are done so in accordance with   sections thereof, commonly termed the penal provisions (Sections 88 to 106). Penalties may be imposed as follows; Commissioner Customs and Excise amounts from


ASYCUDA Entry Processing System

The Government of the Republic of Namibia has embarked on a variety of projects to improve financial controls and management. The collection of duties and taxes on imports is one of the main sources of income to the economy of Namibia. The Namibia C


Frequently Asked Questions

What is a Cargo Manifest?

What is Gross Income?

What is Value-Added Tax?

What does re-importation in the same state mean?

What is the difference between tax avoidance and tax evasion?

What is the Inspection Act?

What is ASYCUDA?

What is the Export Processing Zone (EPZ)?

What is the ATA Carnet?

What is a surety bond?

Who is classified as a taxpayer representative?

What does NAMSAD mean?

Continue Reading

Income Tax

Namibia has adopted a Self-Assessment System. Under this system all taxpayers are required to compute their taxable income and file tax returns by the due date on an annual basis. Income received from selling farm animals and game, leasing land for g


Employee Tax

An employer is any person who pays an amount by way of remuneration to an employee. Each person who becomes an employer is required to apply to Inland Revenue Department for registration as an employer within 14 days of becoming an employer. An empl


Value Added Tax (VAT)

VAT is levied at the standard rate of 15% on the supply of most goods and services and on the importation of goods. It is mandatory for a person who carries on a business with an annual taxable turnover above N$500,000 to apply for VAT registration.


Withholding Tax

The Withholding of Tax is a tax charged on interest paid by any person to or for the benefit of a foreign person (which includes individuals, companies, etc) from a source within Namibia. The foreign person is responsible for the tax, but it must be


Stamp Duty

Stamp duty is the tax placed on legal documents, usually in the transfer of assets or property These legal instruments subjec to to stamp duty include: Antenuptial or postnuptial contract; High purchase agreement; Lease agreement; Mortgage bond


Transfer Duty

Levied on the value of any property acquired by any person and payable within 6 months of the acquisition date. Acquisitions Exempt from Transfer Duty include: Property by the state, local authority, educational institution of a public character;