Tax, from the Latin taxo, is a compulsory financial charge or some other type of ley imposed upon a taxpayer (an individual or legal entity) by Namibia.
This section looks at the various tax types relevant to Namibia:
Income tax is a tax levied directly on personal income. Find out more.
Employee Tax, or PAYE, are taxes imposed on employers or employees, and are usually calculated as a percentage of the salaries that employers pay their staff. Find out more.
Valued Added Tax (VAT) is a tax on the amount by which the value of an article has been increased at each stage of its production or distribution. Find out more.
Withholding Tax is a tax deducted at source, especially one levied by some countries on interest or dividends paid to a person resident outside that country. Find out more.
Stamp Duty is a duty levied on the legal recognition of certain documents. Find out more.
Transfer Duty is a tax levied ont he value of any property acquired by any person by way of a transaction or in any other way. Find out more.
Transfer pricing refers to the setting, analysis, documentation and adjustment of cross border charges between related parties for goods, services, or use of property (including intangible property). It should be noted that Transfer Pricing is a high
Companies and Close Corporations are required to pay tax on the profit earned and submit annual financial statements. Companies that do not trade in mining activities are taxed at a flat rate of 32%. Companies are required to make two provisional pay
Any person who earns a salary of more than N$ 50,000 per annum should register as a taxpayer and submit the proof of registration to their employer. An amount contributed to an approved pension or provident fund as a con
Income received from selling farm animals and game, leasing land for grazing and agricultural products is taxable. A farmer will also be taxed on the livestock or produce that has been donated or consumed. Each farmer is required to indicate the num
Income derived from mining operations is taxed in terms of the same rules as all the other taxpayers except in respect of capital expenditure (exploration and development expenditure) and the tax rates. The capital expenditure of a mine to be deducte
Goods which are intended to be imported for use or consumption within the Customs territory must be declared for home use. They may be declared for home use either directly on importation or after another Customs procedure such as warehous
Section 1 of the Income Tax Act specifically includes trusts in the definition of a "person". Trusts are therefore taxed according to the same tax rates and principles that apply to individuals. By way of arrangement the founder of
For tax purposes, all income earned from any business activities carried out in Namibia is taxable. This income is regarded as ordinary income for tax purposes. Hair Salon: Whether the salon is operated from city centre, town, informal m
Exportation is the Customs procedure applicable to goods which leave the Customs territory and are intended to remain permanently/temporarily outside, for specific reasons. The legislation dealing with exports can be found in the following sections o
As per Section 16(1)(a) of the Income Tax ACt, revenues earned by the Government of Namibia or any other state shall be exempt from tax. However, not all state-owned enterprises are exempt from paying tax. Specific income tax principles should be co
Any person earning taxable income in excess of N$ 50,000 per annum that is not received in the form of remuneration is required to register as a provisional taxpayer. Any directors of a private company (including members of close corporations) are a
The role of Customs and Excise is to control the importation and exportation of goods entering and leaving the Country. The importation and exportation of certain goods are prohibited or restricted. The aim of prohibitions and restrictions is the pr
A joint venture involves two or more companies joining together in business, whereas in partnership, it is individuals who join together for a combined venture. For the purpose of the Income Tax Act a partnership is not recognised as a "pers
The removal of goods to the hall, or any other premises for the purpose of examination, opening, unpacking, repacking and subsequent removal shall be performed at the risk of the importer. The importer, exporter, manufacturer or owner of any goods,
Where the attendance of an officer is required on Saturdays, Sundays or public holidays, or any time not covered by hours of services in below, the person requiring such attendance apply to the Controller on form 73 and guarantee payment of the charg
The DRI scheme is administered by the Directorate of Customs and Excise, which has dual responsibilities. First, it is required to promote manufacturing and export trade. Second, it must ensure that the DRI scheme is not abused. &n
This is a customs procedure which provides for the refund of import duties and taxes when goods are exported, or used for specific purposes. The Chief Accountant, Section Revenue Control is responsible for the overall management of the refund proc
Goods which are imported and qualify for rebate of duty may be entered for home consumption under Schedule No. 3 and Schedule No. 4. of the Act. Schedule No.3. comprising of Industrial Rebates and Schedule No. 4, comprising of General Reba
The Permanent Secretary may in terms of Section 6(1) (c) of the Act appoint places as warehousing places where customs and excise warehouses may be established. Section19 (1) of the Act permits the Commissioner by rule to license any Custo
This chapter concerns the production, warehousing and movement of excise goods within Namibia. The excise goods are Mineral Oils, Alcohol and Alcoholic Beverages (including Beer) and Manufactured Tobacco as defined in the Customs and Excise Act, 1998
A Zone provides a site where operations involving foreign and domestic merchandise can take place which otherwise might have been done abroad for tariff and trade reasons. Export Processing Zones (EPZ) are governed by an Act of Parliament, Export Pro
If a person removing goods in bond has a Customs and Excise Bond, CE 110, a provisional payment or special bond will be demanded when the bond amount is clearly inadequate to cover the potential liability to the Government of the proposed activity. I
ATA (admission temporaire/temporary admission) Carnets and Carnets De Passages En Douane (CPD) are issued by Chambers of Commerce in various nations and are internationally recognized and accepted in lieu of normal customs documents to allow the temp
The main purpose of bonds is to cover for potential duties and taxes. Security is generally given in the form of a bond. Only insurance companies or registered banking institutions may be accepted as sureties to bonds. Head Office should be consulted
RSA Register In order to ensure uniformity, a Register of licensees and registrants is compiled by the South Africa Revenue Service (Customs and Excise). All licensees and registrants in the Common Customs Area are shown in the Register, except Lice
Customs and Excise Officers must on regular basis deal with situations where detentions, seizure and forfeiture are necessary. Some doubts may exist as to when Customs and Excise Officers must detain, seize, or impose forfeiture on goods deemed illeg
Penalties imposed in terms of the Act are done so in accordance with sections thereof, commonly termed the penal provisions (Sections 88 to 106). Penalties may be imposed as follows; Commissioner Customs and Excise amounts from
Automated System for Customs Data (ASYCUDA) is an integrated customs management system for international trade and transport operations in a modern automated environment. ASYCUDAWorld is an advanced software application that is designed and
What is a Cargo Manifest?
What is Gross Income?
What is the difference between tax avoidance and tax evasion?
What is Value-Added Tax?
What is the Export Processing Zone (EPZ)?
What is the Inspection Act?
What is ASYCUDA?
What does re-importation in the same state mean?
Who is classified as a taxpayer representative?
What is the ATA Carnet?
What is a surety bond?
What are Export Processing Zone Enterprises and Certificates?
Namibia has adopted a Self-Assessment System. Under this system all taxpayers are required to compute their taxable income and file tax returns by the due date on an annual basis. Income received from selling farm animals and game, leasing land for g
An employer is any person who pays an amount by way of remuneration to an employee. Each person who becomes an employer is required to apply to Inland Revenue Department for registration as an employer within 14 days of becoming an employer. An empl
VAT is levied at the standard rate of 15% on the supply of most goods and services and on the importation of goods. It is mandatory for a person who carries on a business with an annual taxable turnover above N$500,000 to apply for VAT registration.
The Withholding of Tax is a tax charged on interest paid by any person to or for the benefit of a foreign person (which includes individuals, companies, etc) from a source within Namibia. The foreign person is responsible for the tax, but it must be
Stamp duty is the tax placed on legal documents, usually in the transfer of assets or property These legal instruments subjec to to stamp duty include: Antenuptial or postnuptial contract; High purchase agreement; Lease agreement; Mortgage bond
Levied on the value of any property acquired by any person and payable within 6 months of the acquisition date. Acquisitions Exempt from Transfer Duty include: Property by the state, local authority, educational institution of a public character;